Health Page, Anatomy SectionAdded 8/21/14 #1 BEST RESOURCE ON OMNIVORE-HERBIVORE DEBATE: Debate: Are Humans Omnivores? (blog article), Interview With a Vegan Paleontologist: Robert, “The Humane Hominid”, by firstname.lastname@example.org, OpposingViews.com, June 22, 2011.
Great, surprising “food for thought” from a vegan paleontologist about the scientific limitations inherent in both pro-herbivore and pro-omnivore arguments. Wins my award for “best representation of actual science”!
Added 8/21/14 Debunking the Paleo Diet (Video, 22 mins.), Christina Warinner at TEDxOU, on Feb 12, 2013.
TED Fellow Christina Warinner is an expert on ancient diets. So how much of the diet fad the "Paleo Diet" is based on an actual Paleolithic diet? The answer is not really any of it. Dr. Christina Warinner has excavated around the world, from the Maya jungles of Belize to the Himalayan mountains of Nepal, and she is pioneering the biomolecular investigation of archaeological dental calculus (tartar) to study long-term trends in human health and diet. She obtained her Ph.D. from Harvard University in 2010, specializing in ancient DNA analysis and paleodietary reconstruction.
Added 8/21/14 "Dental Detectives Reveal Diet of Ancient Human Ancestors" (article), Sean Markey, for National Geographic News, Nov. 9, 2006.
Analysis of the chemical makeup of 1.8-million-year-old fossil teeth from four P. robustus individuals unearthed in the Swartkrans cave site in South Africa revealed that their seasonally adapted diet may have included fruits, seeds, roots, tubers, and even insects, not just “low-quality plants.”
Added 8/21/14 The Evolution of Human Nutrition (Video, 59 mins.), Center for Academic Research and Training in Anthropogeny, Published Jan. 24, 2013 [Show ID: 23436]
Tracing the evolution of the human diet from our earliest ancestors can lead to a better understanding of human adaptation in the past. It may also offer clues to the origin of many health problems we currently face, such as obesity and chronic disease. This fascinating series of talks focuses on the changing diets of our ancestors and what role these dietary transitions played in the evolution of humans. Here Steven Leigh (Univ of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) discusses Diets and Microbes in Primates, followed by Peter Ungar (Univ of Arkansas) on Australopith Diets, and Alison S. Brooks (George Washington Univ) and Margaret J. Schoeninger (UC San Diego) on Neanderthal Diets. Note: CARTA began as a collaboration between faculty at UC San Diego and at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies, along with interested scientists at other institutions. CARTA became a UC San Diego recognized Organized Research Unit (ORU) in January 2008.
Added 8/21/14 "Evolving to Eat Mush: How Meat Changed Our Bodies" (article), Hillary Mayell, for National Geographic News, Feb. 18, 2005.
“We have an improved ability to process cholesterol and fat…. Compared to the great apes, we can handle a diet that's high in fat and cholesterol, and the great apes cannot…. Even though we have all these problems in terms of heart disease as we get older, if you give a gorilla a diet that a meat-loving man might eat in Western society, that gorilla will die when it's in its twenties; a normal life span might be 50. They just can't handle that kind of diet." [My note: neither we can … for very long. 2.5 million years of eating meat, and it still makes us sick and kills us, it just takes longer to do so!]
Added 8/21/14 "How to Eat Like a Chimpanzee" (article), by Rob Dunn, Scientific American, Aug. 2, 2012.
Maximum chimp consumption of meat is 3% of diet, a few bites eaten on about 9 days per year; some chimps eat none at all.
Added 8/21/14 "Neanderthal Medics? Evidence for Food, Cooking, and Medicinal Plants Entrapped in Dental Calculus," (article) by Karen Hardy, Stephen Buckley, et al. Naturwissenschaften, August 2012, Vol. 99, Issue 8, pp 617-626.
Neanderthals disappeared between 30,000 and 24,000 years ago. Until recently, Neanderthals were understood to have been predominantly meat-eaters; however, a growing body of evidence suggests their diet also included plants. We present the results of a study, in which sequential thermal desorption-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (TD-GC-MS) and pyrolysis-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (Py-GC-MS) were combined with morphological analysis of plant microfossils, to identify material entrapped in dental calculus from five Neanderthal individuals from the north Spanish site of El Sidrón. Our results provide the first molecular evidence for inhalation of wood-fire smoke and bitumen or oil shale and ingestion of a range of cooked plant foods. We also offer the first evidence for the use of medicinal plants by a Neanderthal individual. Note: The Neandertal line died out; these are not our ancestors.
Added 8/21/14 “Neandertals Ate Their Veggies, Tooth Study Shows” (article), Sara Goudarzi, for National Geographic News, April 28, 2008.
Plant matter found in recently unearthed 35,000-year-old Neanderthal teeth confirms that our human ancestors ate their veggies … and grains! The new hard evidence is microfossils of plant material that investigators found in the dental plaque of 35,000-year-old Neanderthal teeth, said lead study author Amanda Henry, a graduate student in hominid paleobiology at The George Washington University. "The finding suggests that characterizing Neanderthals as obligate meat-eaters may be wrong, but there is still a lot more work to be done on this issue." "So we can say with confidence that this individual Neanderthal ate plants … including grains," she added. Note: The Neandertal line died out; these are not our ancestors.
Added 8/21/14 "Twenty Questions on Atherosclerosis" (article), by William C. Roberts, MD, Baylor University Medical Proceedings, April 2000. Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent). 2000 April; 13(2): 139–143. PMCID: PMC1312295.
Atherosclerosis affects only herbivores. Dogs, cats, tigers, and lions can be saturated with fat and cholesterol, and atherosclerotic plaques do not develop. The only way to produce atherosclerosis in a carnivore is to take out the thyroid gland; then, for some reason, saturated fat and cholesterol have the same effect as in herbivores. Although most of us conduct our lives as omnivores, in that we eat flesh as well as vegetables and fruits, human beings have characteristics of herbivores, not carnivores. See also (1.) Collens WS. "Atherosclerotic Disease: An Anthropologic Theory." Medical Counterpoint. 1969;1:53–57. (2.) Roberts, WC. We think we are one [an omnivore], we act as if we are one, but we are not one. Am J Cardiol. 1990;66:896. [PubMed] Also addresses the “cholesterol myth,” the “high fat is good for you” myth, and drug questions.
Myth or Science PageAdded 1/20/16 I Fooled Millions Into Thinking Chocolate Helps Weight Loss. Here's How.
Added 1/20/16 Two pieces on the myth that red wine is good for you: Resveratrol Impairs Exercise Benefits and What Explains the French Paradox?
My Recipes PageDips, Finger Food
Added 2/5/14 Cashew Cremes: Regular, Sour Creme, & Whipped Creme
Added 2/5/14 3 Super Easy Dressings, Sauces, Dips
Recipes PageChanged 1/20/16 Vegan Humor & Musical Inspiration section moved to its own page.
Egg & Dairy Substitutes
Added 1/1/14 The Ultimate Uncheese Cookbook, by Jo Stepianak.
Added 1/1/14 Susan Voisin's vegan cheese recipes are amazing. Her Fat Free Vegan Kitchen is one of my favorite free online resource for healthy vegan recipes of all kinds, which is why I list her in several places on my site. The fats in her recipes are in the form of nuts, seeds, and avocado or sesame tahini, not in unhealthy extracted oils. Her vegan creamy scalloped potato recipe is amazing; the versatile "cheeze" sauce can easily be portioned into glass jars and stored in the freezer till you want them, then gently heated to thicken and use for pizza, mac n cheeze, broccoli or baked potato topping, etc., but she does have separate recipes for those!
Added 1/1/14 I Couldn't Give Up My Cheese (4 mins.) and Human Milk Dairy (4 mins.), by Vegan Smythe. Okay, so these songs have no recipe tips, but they're funny and help replace "argh" with "ha ha," and that's worth something, eh?
Added 1/1/14 Comida deliciosa y libre de carne de Compassion Over Killing, TryVeg.com. COK también ofrece Comida con Amigos, un folleto en español lleno de las versiones vegetarianas de 20 deliciosas recetas culturales, consejos de cocina, y más.
Added 1/1/14 Vegan Easy Challenge song (2 mins.), by Vegan Smythe. For levity + inspiration.
Vegan Humor & Musical Inspiration
Changed 1/20/16 Moved to its own page, reorganized, and LOTS of added songs, too many to itemize here!
Added 1/1/14 Vegan Smythe Songs. Smythe is a Melbourne, Australia-based singer, songwriter and comedian.Too funny!
Youth and Young Adult Pages1/20/16 Added these two new pages.